URGENT ACTION - ACCION URGENTE

Al pié en castellano: ACCIÓN URGENTE COMUNIDADES CAMPESINAS EN PELIGRO DE DESPLAZAMIENTO

URGENT ACTION
PEASANT FARMER COMMUNITIES RISK DISPLACEMENT


Miguel Briceño, a leader of the peasant farmer community El Porvenir in central Colombia, has been threatened as attempts to forcibly displace the community intensify.
On 16 August Miguel Briceño, a community leader of El Porvenir, Puerto Gaitán Municipality, Meta Department, received a threatening phone call from a man who identified himself as a commander of the paramilitary “Los Urabeños”. The caller told Miguel Briceño: “when I have you tied up or I have one of your relatives, tears of blood will be spilt…”. This is only the latest of a series of threats against Miguel Briceño. He has reported this threat to the authorities. Currently, the only physical security measure the authorities have provided him is a mobile phone.
The peasant farmers of El Porvenir have been grazing their cattle on this savannah for about half a century. In the 1990s the state institution charged with allocating state-owned land to landless peasant farmers illegally adjudicated the land to Víctor Carranza, who until his death in 2013 was one of the country’s most powerful emerald entrepreneurs, and who was long suspected of having strong links to paramilitary groups. In July 2014, following requests from Colombian human rights organizations, the Colombian Institute for Rural Development (Instituto Colombiano de Desarrollo Rural, INCODER) issued a resolution revoking the illegal land titles. President Juan Manuel Santos stated in April 2015 that Carranza’s heirs had returned the land to the state, but the community is yet to receive legal ownership over it, while the threats against them continue.
Leaders of the peasant farmer community of nearby Matarraton and the Indigenous Cubeo-Sikuani community settled in the El Porvenir area have also been repeatedly threatened over the last few months in efforts to forcibly displace them.
Please write immediately in Spanish or your own language:
 Expressing concern for the safety of Miguel Briceño, other members of the peasant farmer communities of El Porvenir and Matarraton, and the Indigenous Cubeo-Sikuani community, which may lead to their forced displacement, and urging the authorities to provide effective protection for them in accordance with their wishes;
 Calling on the authorities to order a full and impartial investigation into threats against Miguel Briceño, publish the results and bring those responsible to justice;
 Urging them to take immediate action to dismantle paramilitary groups and break the links between them and the security forces;
 Urging them to take urgent action to ensure that the community of El Porvenir secures legal ownership over their lands.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 28 SEPTEMBER 2016 TO:

President
Juan Manuel Santos
Presidente de la República
Casa de Nariño
Calle 7. No 6-54.
Bogotá, Colombia
Fax: +57 1 596 0631
Salutation: Dear President Santos/ Excmo. Sr. Presidente Santos

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development
Aurelio Iragorri Valencia
Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural
Avenida Jiménez No 7-1765, Piso 3
Bogotá, Colombia
Email:
despachoministro@minagricultura.gov.co
Salutation: Dear Minister/ Estimado Sr. Ministro
And copies to:
NGO
Corporación Claretiana Norman Pérez Bello
Carrera 15 No 10-41, piso 3
Bogotá, Colombia
Email: corpoclaretiananpb@gmail.com

 

 

Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country. Please insert local diplomatic addresses below:
Name Address 1 Address 2 Address 3 Fax Fax number Email Email address Salutation Salutation

Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date. This is the second update of UA 82/15. Further information: www.amnesty.org/en/documents/amr23/1930/2015/en/

URGENT ACTION
PEASANT FARMER COMMUNITIES RISK DISPLACEMENT
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
During the long-running armed conflict in Colombia, human rights defenders, as well as Indigenous, Afro-descendant and peasant farmer communities, have endured the brunt of the conflict. All the warring parties – the security forces and paramilitary groups, acting alone or in collusion with each other, and guerrilla forces – have been responsible for human rights abuses and violations, including killings, enforced disappearances or abductions, torture, crimes of sexual violence and forced displacement. Over the course of the conflict about eight million hectares of land have been abandoned or dispossessed.
Leaders of displaced communities and those seeking the return of stolen lands have been killed or threatened, especially since the Victims and Land Restitution Law (Law 1448) was approved in June 2011 and came into force at the beginning of 2012. Law 1448 has provided for reparations, including land restitution, for many survivors of human rights abuses and violations, including those perpetrated by state agents. However, many other victims of the conflict have been excluded from making claims for reparation, while significant areas of stolen land have still not be returned to their rightful owners. For more information about the land restitution process and its obstacles, see the report: A land title is not enough: Ensuring sustainable land restitution in Colombia (http://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/AMR23/031/2014/en/).
The peasant farmers of El Porvenir have been trying to get legal ownership over the land they have been living on for half a century through INCODER, which adjudicates state-owned land under Law 160. Action from INCODER has been necessary so that the people from El Porvenir, and in many other cases related to state-owned lands, can obtain a land title. For more information about the El Porvenir case, see Powerless: the fight for land in Porvenir (https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2015/02/powerless-the-fight-for-land-in-porvenir/).
As a result of this struggle, members of the El Porvenir community, as well as the nearby peasant farmer community of Matarraton, and the Indigenous Cubeo-Sikuani community that has settled in the El Porvenir area, have been subjected to repeated death threats. On 21 June 2016, the president of the Matarraton community council (Junta de Acción Comunal) received a mobile call in which the caller, who identified himself as a member of the “Los Urabeños”, told him he was on a death list of 350 people, including 15 from Matarraton, who would have to leave their communities or be killed. On 15 June 2016, a leader from the Cubeo-Sikuani Indigenous community received a phone call in which the caller offered him money to buy each house in the Cubeo-Sikuani community and that he had to attend a meeting to discuss the deal. The caller said that failure to attend the meeting would put the whole community at risk.
Name: Miguel Briceño (m), members of the peasant farmer communities of El Porvenir and Matarraton, and the Indigenous Cubeo-Sikuani community
Gender m/f: both

 


Further information on UA: 82/16 Index: AMR 23/4676/2016 Issue Date: 17 August 2016

 

ACCIÓN URGENTE COMUNIDADES CAMPESINAS EN PELIGRO DE DESPLAZAMIENTO

Miguel Briceño, uno de los líderes de la comunidad campesina de El Porvenir, en el centro de Colombia, ha sido amenazado mientras se intensifican los intentos de forzar el desplazamiento de la comunidad. El 16 de agosto, Miguel Briceño, uno de los líderes comunitarios de El Porvenir, en el municipio de Puerto Gaitán, departamento del Meta, recibió una llamada telefónica amenazadora de un hombre que se identificó como uno de los comandantes del grupo paramilitar “Los Urabeños”. El autor de la llamada dijo a Miguel Briceño: “Cuando lo tenga aquí amarrado o tenga a un familiar, va a derramar lágrimas de sangre…”. Esta es sólo la más reciente de una serie de amenazas contra Miguel Briceño. Éste la ha denunciado a las autoridades. En la actualidad, la única medida física de seguridad que las autoridades le han proporcionado es un teléfono móvil. Los campesinos de El Porvenir llevan aproximadamente medio siglo pasteando su ganado en esta sabana. En la década de 1990, la institución estatal encargada de asignar tierras propiedad del Estado a los campesinos sin tierra adjudicó ilegalmente esas tierras a Víctor Carranza, quien hasta su muerte en 2013 fue uno de los empresarios de esmeraldas más poderosos del país, y de quien durante mucho tiempo se sospechó que mantenía estrechos lazos con grupos paramilitares. En junio de 2014, tras las peticiones realizadas por organizaciones de derechos humanos colombianas, el Instituto Colombiano de Desarrollo Rural (INCODER) emitió una resolución por la que revocaba los títulos ilegales de propiedad de la tierra. El presidente Juan Manuel Santos declaró en abril de 2015 que los herederos de Carranza habían devuelto las tierras al Estado, pero la comunidad aún no ha recibido la propiedad legal de esas tierras, y las amenazas contra ella continúan. Los líderes de la comunidad campesina de la cercana Matarratón y de la comunidad indígena cubeo-sikuani que se ha asentado en la zona de El Porvenir también han recibido numerosas amenazas en los últimos meses, en un intento de obligar a las comunidades a desplazarse. Escriban inmediatamente, en español o en su propio idioma: - expresando preocupación por la seguridad de Miguel Briceño, otros miembros de las comunidades campesinas de El Porvenir y Matarratón, y de la comunidad indígena cubeo-sikuani, que pueden convertirse en víctimas de desplazamiento forzado, e instando a las autoridades a brindarles protección efectiva, de acuerdo con los deseos de los propios afectados; - pidiendo a las autoridades que ordenen una investigación exhaustiva e imparcial sobre las amenazas contra Miguel Briceño, que hagan públicos sus resultados y que lleven a los responsables ante la justicia; - instándolas a emprender acciones inmediatas para disolver los grupos paramilitares y romper los vínculos entre ellos y las fuerzas de seguridad; - instándolas a tomar medidas urgentes para garantizar que la comunidad de El Porvenir obtiene la propiedad legal de sus tierras. ENVÍEN LLAMAMIENTOS ANTES DEL 28 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 2016 A: Presidente Juan Manuel Santos Presidente de la República Casa de Nariño Calle 7. Núm. 6-54. Bogotá, Colombia Fax: +57 1 596 0631 Tratamiento: Excmo. Sr. Presidente Santos Ministro de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural Aurelio Iragorri Valencia Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural Avenida Jiménez Núm. 7-1765, Piso 3 Bogotá, Colombia Correo-e: despachoministro@minagricultura.gov.co Tratamiento: Estimado Sr. Ministro Y copias a: ONG Corporación Claretiana Norman Pérez Bello Carrera 15 Núm. 10-41, piso 3 Bogotá, Colombia Correo-e: corpoclaretiananpb@gmail.com Envíen también copias a la representación diplomática de Colombia acreditada en su país. Inserten a continuación las direcciones de las sedes diplomáticas locales: Nombre Dirección 1 Dirección 2 Dirección 3 Fax Número de fax Correo-e Dirección de correo-e Tratamiento Tratamiento Consulten con la oficina de su Sección si van a enviar los llamamientos después de la fecha indicada. Ésta es la segunda actualización de AU 82/15. Más información: https://www.amnesty.org/es/documents/amr23/1930/2015/es/